Within this analysis, decimal parameters try presented with respect to indicate and you may practical deviation and stratified variables with regards to amounts and you will percentages. T-try was used to compare the newest setting and you can logistic regression study was applied to test the newest independent parameters from inside the postpartum despair. 05.
After collecting data, results obtained from 174 pregnant women entered statistical analysis. 23 pregnant women were excluded from the study due to positive results from the Beck test. 9 participants with gestational diabetes mellitus, 2 cases of hypothyroidism, and 5 patients with preterm labor were hospitalized. 9 people did not attend follow-up and did not respond to telephone calls, 1 had a stillbirth, and thus 49 participants were excluded from the study. The mean age of the participants was 25.7 years. 42% of the mothers experienced the first pregnancy. 67.8% of the mothers were scored below 12 in Edinburgh’s postpartum depression scale and 32.2% had a score above 12. After examining the demographic variables between the two depressed and nondepressed groups including mother’s age, education level, job, type of delivery, sex of neonate, number of pregnancies, and father’s education and job, the household income was the only variable that had significant difference in the two groups and it was lower in the depressed mothers (p <0.05) (Table 1).
The information associated with area of the details together with prepregnancy weights, bmi, the second and you can 3rd trimester putting on weight, and type and you can complete gaining weight in pregnancy had been and additionally statistically analyzed. Determine them, the mathematical test away from logistic regression was applied there was a critical matchmaking anywhere between depression and weight gain of one’s 3rd trimester (Or = step one.17).
According to wide variety required by the IOM for regular and you can over weight expecting mothers, weight change were split into step three teams: ineffective, enough, and you will excess, and its connection with despair was investigated from the logistic regression test which didn’t let you know people significant relationships (Dining table dos). Because income is significantly various other anywhere between depressed and nondepressed groups, the relationship ranging from despair as well as lbs variables are remeasured that have modified aftereffect of money and you may once again precisely the 3rd trimester weight acquire had extreme reference to anxiety as a result of the aftereffect of earnings (Otherwise 1.17, 95%CI step one.04-step 1.32) (Desk 3).
While the shown in the modern study, there’s zero relationship ranging from very first weight and you may first Bmi due to the fact well while the sorts of Bmi (regular or over weight) and you may PPD. Evidence showed that women in gestational period is located at the higher likelihood of despair and you may studies have shown a relationship between obesity and you can anxiety when you look at the pregnant and you will nonpregnant lady and you can figured indeed there is actually a dosage-response relationship within rise in first Bmi plus the increased chance of despair in pregnancy and postpartum .
In today’s investigation, 33% off moms and dads having normal Body mass index and you may 30.4% off obese expectant mothers had positive results out-of PPD examination, whilst a couple of communities didn’t have a distinction in the postpartum despair.
In keeping with our conclusions, LaCoursiere (2006) showed that the latest frequency from PPD symptoms in females that have normal Liverpool hookup apps Body mass index is 22.8 ± step 1.2% plus it try 29.8% ± 2.5% when you look at the heavy women but in a unique investigation, one of 245 pregnant women that have normal weight during pregnancy, seven.8% on the six-2 months just after birth got despair . We hypothesized that the so much more Bmi at the beginning of pregnancy is, more probably the mother is to experience PPD however, the information didn’t keep the theory. Fox and you can Yamaguchi (1997) determined that when comparing to prepregnancy normal weight women, over weight ladies had been expected to has actually positive check regarding their system photo and you can gaining weight in pregnancy additionally the rates away from sense PPD is actually similar towards one or two communities .